Bash Index : Y - The 'Y' Bash commands : description, flags and examples


Usage :

Install software packages while maintaining dependencies on Red Hat.

Configuration files (details) :

  • /etc/yum.conf : yum main configuration file
  • /etc/yum.repos.d/* : repositories

Flags :

Flag Usage
makecache fast
download and make usable all the metadata for the currently enabled yum repositories
with fast : just try to make sure the repositories are current
repolist list configured repositories. Filter with all (default) / enabled / disabled
-y --assumeyes assume that the answer to any question which would be asked is yes

Example :

Deal with repositories :

List repositories (source) :
  • yum repolist all
  • verbose mode : yum repolist -v
  • repo IDs only : yum repolist | tail -n +4 | head -n -1 | cut -d' ' -f1

An exclamation mark ! leading a repository name means this repository has expired metadata.

Enable / disable a repository (source) :
  • yum-config-manager --enable repositoryId
  • yum-config-manager --disable repositoryId
repositoryId is displayed when listing repositories.

Deal with packages :

List installed packages (source) :
yum list installed
list all installed packages
yum list installed docker-ce
search a specific package
You'll have to provide the exact package name. Otherwise :
yum list installed | grep packageSearchPattern
yum list output format (source) :
name.arch		[epoch:]version-release		repo or @installed-from-repo
Search a package :
yum search packageSearchPattern
This displays a list of matching patterns, their version, and the repository they belong to or the string installed when applicable.
Get information on a package :
yum info packageSearchPattern
List files provided by a package (installed or not) :
Install package using a given repository :
yum -c /etc/yum.repos.d/myCompany.repo install fetchmail

Install security updates (source) :

List all updates that are security relevant, and get a return code on whether there are security updates :
yum check-update --security
Upgrade packages that have security errata up to the latest available package :
yum update --security
Upgrade packages that have security errata up to the last security errata package :
yum update-minimal --security

Don't forget -y when running non-interactively (like in an Ansible playbook)

Get a summary of advisories not installed yet :
yum updateinfo summary
Modules complémentaires chargés : product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription-manager
Updates Information Summary: updates
	28 Bugfix notice(s)
	 4 Enhancement notice(s)
Security: kernel-3.10.0-514.26.1.el7.x86_64 is an installed security update
Security: kernel-3.10.0-514.10.2.el7.x86_64 is the currently running version		reboot !
updateinfo summary done
update vs update-minimal :
yum update
update every currently installed package (and ensure that all dependencies are satisfied)
yum update-minimal updateType
like update, but if you have the package foo-1 installed and have foo-2 (bugfix) and foo-3 (enhancement) available, then update-minimal --bugfix will update you to foo-2.